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U.S. Bioenergy Statistics


Society has just begun to tap new renewable sources of energy from agriculture and forestlands on a commercial scale that impacts energy markets.  Among these sources are biofuels, a small but important component of current fuel consumption in the U.S. transport sector.  In 2012, biofuels accounted for roughly 7.1 percent of total transport fuel consumption, or 13.8 billion gallons, unchanged from the previous year.  Ethanol, made mostly from corn starch from kernels, is by far the most significant biofuel in the United States, accounting for 94 percent of all biofuel production in 2012.  Most of the remainder is biodiesel, which is made from vegetable oils (chiefly soy oil) as well as animal fats, waste oils, and greases. 

The U.S. Bioenergy Statistics are a source of information on biofuels intended to present a picture of the renewable energy industry and its relationship to agriculture.  Where appropriate, data are presented in both a calendar year and the relevant marketing year timeframe to increase utility to feedstock-oriented users.  The statistics highlight the factors that influence the demand for agricultural feedstocks for biofuels production; for instance, numerous tables emphasize the relationship between energy and commodity markets.

ERS analysts track U.S. ethanol and biodiesel production, consumption, and trade. They also monitor and analyze U.S. bioenergy policy and events that affect the domestic and international biofuel and feedstock markets.  Additional tables will be added as new series become available.

Data Set   
DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
Supply and DisappearanceBack to top
Table 1--Fuel ethanol supply and disappearance, marketing year and quarterDownload as Excel8/5/201611/7/2016
Table 2--Fuel ethanol supply and disappearance calendar yearDownload as Excel5/5/20162/6/2017
Table 3--Fuel ethanol supply and disappearance, by monthDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Table 4--Biodiesel supply and disappearanceDownload as Excel5/5/20164/5/2017
FeedstocksBack to top
Table 5--Corn supply, disappearance and share of total corn used for ethanolDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Table 6--Soybean oil supply, disappearance and share of biodiesel useDownload as Excel12/7/201512/5/2016
Table 7--Oils and fats supply and prices, marketing yearDownload as Excel12/7/201512/5/2016
CoproductsBack to top
Table 8--Dried distillers grain with solubles: supply and disappearanceDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Table 9--Dried distillers grain with solubles price, marketing yearDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
InfrastructureBack to top
Table 10--Fuel ethanol production facilities capacity and utilization rates, calendar yearDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Table 11--Fuel ethanol production facilities capacity and utilization rates, by stateDownload as Excel5/5/20163/6/2017
Table 12--Biodiesel: Production capacity, by StateDownload as Excel5/5/20165/5/2017
Table 13--Alternative fuel stationsDownload as Excel7/6/201611/7/2016
PricesBack to top
Table 14--Fuel ethanol, corn and gasoline prices, by monthDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Table 15--Fuel ethanol, corn and gasoline prices, marketing yearDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Table 16--Fuel ethanol and gasoline consumption and market shareDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Table 17--Biodiesel and diesel pricesDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Table 18--Monthly on-highway average diesel pricesDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016
Next-Generation BiofuelsBack to top
Table 19--EPA second-generation biofuel plant volumes Download as Excel12/3/201512/5/2016
All In OneBack to top
All Tables in OneDownload as Excel9/7/201610/5/2016

Last updated: Wednesday, September 07, 2016

For more information contact: Thomas Capehart