ERS compares prices paid by consumers for food with prices received by farmers for corresponding commodities. This data set reports these comparisons for a variety of foods sold through retail foodstores such as supermarkets and supercenters.
Comparisons are made for individual foods and groupings of individual foods—market baskets—that represent what a typical U.S. household buys at retail in a year. The retail costs of these baskets are compared with the money received by farmers for a corresponding basket of agricultural commodities.
ERS data on price spreads for meat, pork, poultry, and eggs can be found in the Meat Price Spreads data product. A different method is used to calculate monthly price spreads for beef, pork, broilers, turkeys, and eggs.
Users may also be interested in an interactive data visualization; see Interactive Chart: Price Spreads and Food Markets.
|Dairy||Back to top|
|Milk and dairy basket ||6/15/2016|
|Butter, one pound||1/20/2016|
|Cheddar cheese, one pound||6/15/2016|
|Ice cream, regular, one-half gallon||6/15/2016|
|Whole milk, one gallon||6/15/2016|
|Fresh fruit||Back to top|
|Fresh fruit basket ||6/15/2016|
|Fresh vegetables||Back to top|
|Fresh vegetables basket ||6/15/2016|
|Fresh lettuce, iceberg||6/15/2016|
|Fresh tomatoes, field grown||6/15/2016|
|Processed fruit and vegetables||Back to top|
|Orange juice, not from concentrate, one gallon||6/15/2016|
|Orange juice, frozen concentrate, one reconstituted gallon ||6/15/2016|
|Field crops||Back to top|
|Flour, white, all purpose, per pound||2/9/2016|
|Margarine, stick, per pound||11/14/2012|
|Sugar, white, per pound||6/15/2016|
|White pan bread, per pound||8/11/2014|
|Archived Versions||Back to top|
|Butter, one pound||11/14/2012|
|Cheddar cheese, one pound||11/20/2013|
|Ice cream, regular, one-half gallon||11/20/2013|
|Whole milk, one gallon||11/20/2013|