USDA's National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) is the first nationally representative survey of American households to collect unique and comprehensive data about household food purchases and acquisitions. Detailed information was collected about foods purchased or otherwise acquired for consumption at home and away from home, including foods acquired through food and nutrition assistance programs. The survey includes nationally representative data from 4,826 households, including Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) households, low-income households not participating in SNAP, and higher income households.
Please scroll down the page to find FoodAPS survey instruments, codebooks, forms, and other materials.
Request for proposals: ERS, in cooperation with the University of Kentucky’s Center for Poverty Research and the University of Illinois, will fund competitive grants to qualified individuals and institutions for new and innovative research projects that use new FoodAPS data. The University of Kentucky will oversee the application and award processes. To apply for a grant, see: University of Kentucky, Center for Poverty Research.
FoodAPS provides information about household size and composition, available resources (including food and nutrition assistance program benefits, if any), and acquired food items (and their prices). This information, combined with data about the food items and prices that are accessible to each household, provides a robust dataset for research studies that support the design and implementation of policies and regulations affecting America’s food and nutrition assistance programs. For a more detailed description of the survey, see Background.
ERS and the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of USDA jointly sponsored FoodAPS. Mathematica Policy Research, a private research firm with experience conducting large-scale data collections, designed and implemented the survey. Information from the survey will be released on ERS's website in several phases—this first phase describes the survey's objectives, key research questions, data collection efforts, and data access, along with the actual survey instruments. For more information, see Documentation.