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Overview

The ERS Food Expenditure Series contributes to the analysis of U.S. food production and consumption by constructing a comprehensive measure of the total value of all food expenditures by final purchasers. This series annually measures total U.S. food expenditures, including purchases by consumers, governments, businesses, and nonprofit organizations. Because the term expenditure is often associated with household decisionmaking, it is important to recognize that ERS's series also includes nonhousehold purchases. For example, the series includes the dollar value of domestic food purchases by military personnel and their dependents at military commissary stores and exchanges, the value of commodities and food dollars donated by the Federal government to schools, and the value of food purchased by airlines for serving during flights.

ERS developed the series in 1987, and annual data are available from 1929 through 2012. The series also constitutes a measure of total sales through different food outlets, such as supermarkets, full-service and limited-service restaurants, mass merchandisers, and hotels. Production value or sales is equal to total expenditures.

ERS provides estimates of food eaten away from home and food eaten at home, as well as the share of the two food spending categories relative to two income series—disposable personal income and disposable personal money income. Food-away-from-home spending is mainly for food purchased at eating and drinking places, but it is also for food purchased at such outlets as hotels and motels, recreational places, vending machines, and schools and colleges. ERS estimates of food at home and food away from home may not equal estimates with similar labels by other series.

Data Set  Download as Excel
DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
Food SalesBack to top
Monthly retail sales for food at home and food away from home (formerly Table 36)Download as Excel11/17/201412/17/2014
Historical food sales (formerly table 36)Download as Excel11/17/201412/17/2014
Food ExpendituresBack to top
Table 1—Food and alcoholic beverages: Total expendituresDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 2—Food at home: Total expendituresDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 3—Food away from home: Total expendituresDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 4—Alcoholic beverages: Total expendituresDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 5—Food expenditures by source of fundsDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 6—Share of food expenditures by source of fundsDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 7—Food expenditures by families and individuals as a share of disposable personal incomeDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 8—Food expenditures by families and individuals as a share of disposable personal money incomeDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 9—Expenditures for food at retail store prices, including home-produced food, excluding sales taxes and tips, at current prices and 1988 retail store pricesDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 10—Food away from home as a share of food expendituresDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 11—Relative prices of food at three stages of the systemDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 12—Food expenditures at constant pricesDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 13—Per capita food expendituresDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 14 (Dollar Amounts)—Sales of food at home by type of outlet (including sales tax) Download as Excel11/13/2013
Table 14 (Percentage)—Sales of food at home by type of outletDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 15 (Dollar Amounts)—Sales of meals and snacks away from home by type of outletDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Table 15 (Percentage)—Sales of meals and snacks away from home by type of outletDownload as Excel11/13/2013
Expenditures on food and alcoholic beverages that were consumed at home by selected countriesBack to top
Percent of consumer expenditures spent on food, alcoholic beverages, and tobacco that were consumed at home, by selected countries, 2013Download as Excel10/1/2014
Percent of consumer expenditures spent on food, alcoholic beverages, and tobacco that were consumed at home, by selected countries, 2012Download as Excel10/1/2014
Percent of consumer expenditures spent on food, alcoholic beverages, and tobacco that were consumed at home, by selected countries, 2011Download as Excel10/1/2014
Percent of consumer expenditures spent on food, alcoholic beverages, and tobacco that were consumed at home, by selected countries, 2010Download as Excel10/1/2014

Last updated: Monday, November 17, 2014

For more information contact: Annette Clauson