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Food and Nutrition Assistance Research Database

Project: Research To Assess Links Between Diet Quality and Health
Award Year: 1998
Amount of award, fiscal 1998: $97,098.00
Institution: Harvard School of Public Health
Principal Investigator: Walter Willett
Status: Completed
Detailed Objective: This work analyzes and improves our understanding of the long-term relationship between diet quality and health status of men and women over time. This project will assess whether overall measures of diet quality such as the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Healthy Eating Index (HEI) predict the rate of occurrence of individual components of the adverse health outcome measure (cardiovascular disease, cancer, death).

Food assistance and nutrition policies can be strengthened by better knowledge of the links between diet quality and health outcomes. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has recently developed the HEI for measuring the overall diet quality of Americans. This work will be crucial in showing how well an HEI-type measure can predict future health outcomes. The Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS) and the Nurses' Health Study (NHS), both undertaken by the Harvard School of Public Health, are among the few surveys that provide data on both diet and health of individuals over a long time period, and thus make a detailed investigation possible. A cooperative assistance agreement of $97,098 was awarded to the Harvard School of Public Health in fiscal 1998. The work was completed, and resulted in the publication of two articles in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2000, vol. 72, pp. 1214-1222 and pp. 1223-1231.

Topic: Dietary Intake and Quality, Nutrition-Related Health Outcomes
Output:
McCullough, M., D. Feskanich, E. Rimm, E. Giovannucci, A. Ascherio, J. Variyam, D. Spiegelman, M. Stampfer, and W. Willett. "Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and Risk of Major Chronic Disease in Men," The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 55, No. 5, November 2000.
McCullough, M., D. Feskanich, M. Stampfer, B. Rosner, F. Hu, D. Hunter, J. Variyam, G. Colditz, and W. Willett. "Adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and Risk of Major Chronic Disease in Women," The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 55, No. 5, November 2000.

Last updated: Monday, August 18, 2014

For more information contact: Victor Oliveira

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