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Overview

Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, barley, milk, hogs, and cow-calf. The history of commodity cost and return estimates for the U.S. and regions is divided into three categories: Current, Recent, and Historical estimates. Cost-of Production Forecasts Excel icon (16x16) are also available for major U.S. field crops.

Note: The procedure used to update the opportunity cost of land in all crop production cost and return accounts was changed in the October 1, 2013 update. Changes in cropland cash rents, reported by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, were used to adjust the land cost from the survey to the update year. This procedure is an improvement over changes in the general land cash rent index that was previously used. The new procedure was implemented for the land cost estimate of each commodity from the most recent survey year of the commodity through the most recent update. 

Also see the ERS Milk Cost of Production Estimates data product.

    Data Set   
    DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
    Data Back to top
    Corn: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Soybeans: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Wheat: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Cotton: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Rice: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Grain sorghum: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Barley: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Oats: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Peanuts: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Milk: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Hogs (all): 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Hogs (farrow-to-finish): 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Hogs, (farrow-to-feeder): 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Hogs (feeder-to-finish): 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Hogs (other): 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016
    Cow-calf: 2014-15Download as Excel5/2/201610/3/2016

    Last updated: Monday, May 02, 2016

    For more information contact: William D McBride