Spending by families and individuals on at-home and away-from-home food accounted for 78.8 percent of U.S. food sales in 2012. In the decade prior to the 2007-09 recession, U.S. consumers’ share of total food sales averaged 82.2 percent. Food spending by consumers and local, State, and Federal governments fluctuates with economic conditions, while businesses’ share has been relatively stable since the late 1960s, at around 10 percent. The share of the value of home production (food grown by farmers and households for their own consumption) declined from 17.4 percent in 1940 to 1.6 percent in 2012.
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