Nonmetro America had just over 51 million residents in July
2011, a 4.5 percent increase in population over the past decade.
The rate of population growth in nonmetro America slowed
dramatically after the onset of the housing mortgage crisis in 2006
and the recession a year later. Over 250,000 people were added
to the nonmetro population between July 2005 and July 2006,
compared with an average below 150,000 per year since then. This
partially reflects a decline in the rate of growth for the U.S.
population as a whole, as a result of lower immigration rates since
2007. However, nonmetro counties have also been affected by lower
rates of natural increase and fewer in-migrants from metro areas.
This chart is from the Population and Migration
topic page on the ERS website.