Data Products

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  • Adoption of Genetically Engineered Crops in the U.S.

    Data cover genetically engineered (GE) varieties of corn, cotton, and soybeans for 2000-16, for the U.S. and States. Data include the extent of adoption of herbicide-tolerant (HT), insect-resistant (Bt), and both traits ("stacked") genetically engineered (GE) crops.

  • Ag and Food Statistics: Charting the Essentials

    A collection of 70 charts and maps presenting key statistics on the farm sector, food spending and prices, food security, rural communities, the interaction of agriculture and natural resources, and more.

  • Agricultural Baseline Database

    The agricultural baseline database provides longrun, 10-year projections from USDA's annual long-term projections report. The database covers projections for major field crops (corn, sorghum, barley, oats, wheat, rice, soybeans, and upland cotton), and livestock (beef, pork, poultry and eggs, and dairy).

  • Agricultural Exchange Rate Data Set

    Contains annual and monthly data for exchange rates important to U.S. agriculture. It includes both nominal and real exchange rates for 80 countries (plus the European Union) as well as real trade-weighted exchange rate indexes for many commodities and aggregations.

  • Agricultural Productivity in the U.S.

    Estimates of productivity growth in the U.S. farm sector for 1948-2013, and estimates of the growth/relative levels of productivity across States for 1960-2004. Note: Updates of the State-level statistics are suspended. (Quality of national statistics is preserved.)

  • Agricultural Research Funding in the Public and Private Sectors

    Data for public and private funding of food and agricultural research and development cover the years 1970-2009 (public) and 1970-2007 (private). Data are available as nominal figures and adjusted for inflation.

  • Agricultural Trade Multipliers

    Agricultural trade multipliers provide estimates of employment and/or output effects of trade in farm and food products on the U.S. economy. These effects, when expressed as multipliers, reflect the amount of economic activity and/or jobs generated by agricultural exports. This data product offers two options through which to display agricultural trade multipliers: as pre-defined ERS estimates for the most recent calendar year available; or as estimates generated by an interactive calculator that enables users to select their own basket of exports and/or apply a new set of trade margins to the commodity or basket of goods.

  • Agriculture Outlook Statistical Indicators

    This database is no longer being updated. The statistical indicator tables formerly provided in most of those tables are maintained online elsewhere on the ERS website or by the primary data providers.

  • Aquaculture Data

    Statistics on domestically grown catfish and trout and U.S. imports and exports of fish and shellfish that may be products of aquaculture, such as salmon, shrimp, and oysters.

  • ARMS Farm Financial and Crop Production Practices

    USDA's Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) is the primary source of information on the financial condition, production practices, resource use, and economic well-being of farm households. This release includes information on farm finances from the 2014 ARMS survey, now available in the Farm and Household Finance Tailored Reports.

  • Atlas of Rural and Small-Town America

    View the diversity of challenges and opportunities across America's counties. View indicators about people, jobs, veterans, and county types. Data have been updated to include the 2010-14 American Community Survey statistics, the 2015 edition of the county typology codes, and 2014 county-level median household income and poverty. Populations estimates and unemployment data have been updated.

  • Best of Charts of Note 2013

    This collection highlights the best from the 2013 Charts of Note offering.

  • Best of Charts of Note 2014

    This collection highlights the best from the 2014 Charts of Note offering.

  • Best of Charts of Note 2015

    This collection highlights the best from the 2015 Charts of Note offering.

  • Chart Gallery

    A collection of charts from the ERS website.

  • Charts of Note

    Charts of Note from ERS is distributed Monday-Friday by the Economic Research Service to highlight charts of interest from our current and past research.

  • China Agricultural and Economic Data

    This database is no longer being updated. The China agricultural and economic database is a collection of agricultural-related data from official statistical publications of the People's Republic of China. Analysts and policy professionals around the world need information about the rapidly changing Chinese economy, but statistics are often published only in China and sometimes only in Chinese-language publications. This product assembles a wide variety of data items covering agricultural production, inputs, prices, food consumption, output of industrial products relevant to the agricultural sector, and macroeconomic data.

  • Commodity and Food Elasticities

    This database is no longer being updated. The Commodity and Food Elasticities Database is a collection of elasticities from research on consumer demand published in working papers, dissertations, and peer-reviewed journals and as presented at professional conferences in the United States. Most of the literature is from U.S. academic and government research. The database allows queriable searches of income, expenditure, and own- and cross-price elasticities for specific commodities and countries, which can be ranked and sorted. The most fully covered countries are the United States and China, and the greatest number of demand studies are for vegetables, fruits, and grocery products such as coffee and ketchup.

  • Commodity Consumption by Population Characteristics

    ERS tracks the supply of food available for consumption in the United States and examines consumer food preferences by consumers’ age, income, region, race/ethnicity, and place where food is obtained, as well as by food/commodity categories and other characteristics.

  • Commodity Costs and Returns

    USDA has estimated annual production costs and returns and published accounts for major field crop and livestock enterprises since 1975. Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, barley, milk, hogs, and cow-calf. These cost and return accounts are "historical" accounts based on the actual costs incurred by producers.

  • Commuting Zones and Labor Market Areas

    County boundaries do not always accurately define local economies. Commuting zones and Labor Market Areas combine counties into units intended to more closely reflect the geographic interrelationships between employers and labor supply.

  • Cost Estimates of Foodborne Illnesses

    The Cost Estimates of Foodborne Illnesses data product provides detailed data about the costs of major foodborne illnesses in the United States, updating and extending previous ERS research. Cost estimates of foodborne illnesses have been used in the past to help inform food-safety policy discussions, and these updated cost estimates will provide a foundation for economic analysis of food safety.

  • Cotton and Wool Chart Gallery

    The Cotton and Wool Chart Gallery includes updated charts that supplement the Cotton and Wool Outlook report.

  • Cotton, Wool, and Textile Data

    This data product contains data on U.S. cotton and wool supply, demand, and prices, as well as U.S. cotton and textile trade data, maintained by the Economic Research Service to support related commodity market analysis and research.

  • County Typology Codes

    The 2015 County Typology Codes classify all U.S. counties according to six mutually exclusive categories of economic dependence and six overlapping categories of policy-relevant themes. The economic dependence types include farming, mining, manufacturing, Federal/State government, recreation, and nonspecialized counties. The policy-relevant types include low education, low employment, persistent poverty, persistent child poverty, population loss, and retirement destination.

  • County-level Data Sets

    County level population change, poverty rates, education level, and employment levels/unemployment rates/median household income.

  • County-level Oil and Gas Production in the U.S.

    County-level data from oil and/or natural gas producing States—for onshore production in the lower 48 States only—are compiled annually for 2000 through 2011.

  • Creative Class County Codes

    The creative class thesis—that towns need to attract engineers, architects, artists, and people in other creative occupations to compete in today's economy—may be particularly relevant to rural communities, which tend to lose much of their talent when young adults leave. The ERS creative class codes indicate a county's share of population employed in occupations that require "thinking creatively." Variables used to construct the ERS creative class measure include number and percent employed in creative class occupations and a metro/nonmetro indicator for all counties, 1990, 2000, and 2007-11. A break-out of employment in the arts is included.

  • Dairy Data

    The Dairy Data files cover U.S. supply, demand, and trade for milk and major dairy products.

  • Data Visualizations

    A collection of interactive data visualizations from ERS.

  • Eating and Health Module (ATUS)

    The Eating & Health (EH) Module of the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) collects data to analyze relationships among time use patterns and eating patterns, nutrition, and obesity; food and nutrition assistance programs; and grocery shopping and meal preparation.

  • Farm Household Income and Characteristics

    This data product presents the latest household income forecast and estimates for principal operators of U.S. family farms.

  • Farm Income and Wealth Statistics

    Estimates of farm sector income with component accounts: for the United States, 1910-2016F; and for States, 1949-2015.

  • Farm Program Atlas

    This database is no longer being updated This Atlas provides access to an array of public data on Federal farm programs that will allow users to visually explore a core component of U.S. agricultural policy. These programs assist farmers in sustaining and promoting the viability of their farm businesses or in protecting and enhancing the environment.

  • Federal Funds

    ERS' Federal Funds series is discontinued. The underlying data are no longer available. ERS screened data from the Census Bureau's Consolidated Federal Funds Reports for each Federal program for accuracy at the county level and then presents the data by function and type of program for each county and State.

  • Feed Grains Chart Gallery

    Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.

  • Feed Grains Database

    The Feed Grains Database contains statistics on four feed grains (corn, grain sorghum, barley, and oats), foreign coarse grains (feed grains plus rye, millet, and mixed grains), hay, and related items.

  • Fertilizer Imports/Exports

    Note: Updates to this data product are suspended. The underlying information is available from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Foreign Trade Division. This product provides U.S. annual data on imports and exports of selected fertilizer types. The data cover imports from 1995 to 2012 and exports from 1990 to 2012 for 26 major fertilizer products an materials, and for 82 major trading countries.

  • Fertilizer Use and Price

    This product brings together 1960-2012 data on fertilizer consumption in the United States by plant nutrient and major selected product, as well as consumption of mixed fertilizers, secondary nutrients, and micronutrients. Share of crop area receiving fertilizer and fertilizer use per receiving acre, by nutrient, are presented for the major producing States for corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat. Additional data include fertilizer farm prices and indices of wholesale fertilizer price. Fertilizer price data are through 2013.

  • Food Access Research Atlas

    The Food Access Research Atlas (formerly the Food Desert Locator) is a mapping tool that allows users to investigate multiple indicators of food store access. This tool expands upon previous estimates of food desert census tracts, incorporating alternative estimates of low income and low access census tracts, and by offering contextual information for all census tracts in the U.S.

  • Food and Nutrition Assistance Research Reports Database

    ERS supports a broad spectrum of food and nutrition assistance research and has compiled an electronic database of over 1,000 peer-reviewed reports and articles based on ERS-supported research. The database is searchable by title, lead author, topic, year of publication, and data set analyzed.

  • Food Availability (Per Capita) Data System

    The ERS Food Availability (per capita) Data System includes three distinct but related data series on food and nutrient availability for consumption. The data serve as popular proxies for actual consumption.

  • Food Consumption and Nutrient Intakes

    Food consumption in terms of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans’ food groups is reported for all sources and the total U.S. population, as well as by food source, children age 2-19, and adults age 20 and older.

  • Food Dollar Series

    The food dollar series measures annual expenditures by U.S. consumers on domestically produced food and is composed of three primary series—the marketing bill series, the industry group series, and the primary factor series—that shed light on different aspects of the food supply chain. Nominal (current year) and real data are now available from 1993 to 2014.

  • Food Environment Atlas

    The Food Environment Atlas is a web-based mapping tool developed by ERS that allows users to compare U.S. counties in terms of their “food environment”--indicators (most at the county level) that help determine and reflect a community’s access to affordable, healthy food.

  • Food Expenditures

    The ERS Food Expenditure Series annually measures total U.S. food expenditures, including purchases by consumers, governments, businesses, and nonprofit organizations.

  • Food Price Outlook

    The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for food is probably the most widely used indicator of changes in retail food prices. ERS regularly updates food price forecasts for the short-term period.

  • Food Security in the United States

    This product provides information about publicly available data from national surveys that include the U.S. Food Security Survey Module. Technical information is provided to facilitate appropriate use of the data, and links are provided to access data on line or to order the data files on CD-ROM.

  • FoodAPS National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey

    USDA's National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) is a detailed nationally representative survey of household food purchases and acquisitions.

  • Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS)

    The Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS) data page provides U.S. agricultural exports and imports, volume and value, by country and by commodity. Updated monthly or annually.

  • Frontier and Remote Area Codes

    The 2010 Frontier and Remote Area (FAR) codes provide a statistically-based, nationally-consistent, and adjustable definition of territory in the U.S. characterized by low population density and high geographic remoteness.

  • Fruit and Tree Nut Data

    This data product provides users with comprehensive statistics on fresh and processed fruit and tree nuts in the United States, as well as global production and trade data for these sectors. It harmonizes and integrates data from the ERS market outlook program with data collected by different Federal and international statistical agencies to facilitate analyses of economic performance over time, and across domestic and foreign markets. Data are provided for more than 30 individual fresh and processed products.

  • Fruit and Vegetable Prices

    How much do fruits and vegetables cost? ERS estimated average prices for 156 commonly consumed fresh and processed fruits and vegetables.

  • International Agricultural Productivity

    This data product provides agricultural output, input, and total factor productivity (TFP) growth rates, across the countries and regions of the world in a consistent, comparable way, for 1961-2013.

  • International Baseline Data

    International baseline projections indicate supply, demand, and trade for major agricultural commodities for selected countries. These projections provide foreign country detail supporting the annual USDA agricultural baseline, which are longrun, 10-year projections.

  • International Food Consumption Patterns

    This database is no longer being updated. Total and marginal budget shares and income and price elasticities are estimated, using 2005 ICP data, for nine broad consumption groups and eight food subgroups across 144 countries.

  • International Food Security

    This data set is the basis for the International Food Security Assessment, 2015-2025 released in June 2015. It provides annual country-level data on production, consumption, and trade of grains and root and tuber crops, food aid, and macroeconomic variables for 76 countries.

  • International Macroeconomic Data Set

    The International Macroeconomic Data Set provides data from 1969 through 2020 for real (adjusted for inflation) gross domestic product (GDP), population, real exchange rates, and other variables for the 190 countries and 34 regions that are most important for U.S. agricultural trade.

  • Livestock & Meat Domestic Data

    The Livestock & Meat Domestic Data contains current and historical data on pork, beef, veal, and poultry, including production, supply, utilization, and farm prices.

  • Livestock & Meat International Trade Data

    The Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Set contains monthly and annual data for imports and exports of live cattle, hogs, sheep, and goats, as well as beef and veal, pork, lamb and mutton, chicken meat, turkey meat, and eggs.

  • Major Land Uses

    The Major Land Uses (MLU) series is the longest running, most comprehensive accounting of all major uses of public and private land in the United States. The MLU series contains acreage estimates of major uses by region and States, beginning in 1945 and published about every 5 years since.

  • Meat Price Spreads

    This data set provides monthly average price values, and the differences among those values, at the farm, wholesale, and retail stages of the production and marketing chain for selected cuts of beef, pork, and broilers.

  • Milk Cost of Production Estimates

    Monthly national milk cost of production estimates for 2005-present, and annual milk cost of production estimates by State and by size of operation for 2005 to 2014.

  • Natural Amenities Scale

    The natural amenities scale county-based measure of the physical characteristics of an area that enhance the location as a place to live. The scale was constructed by combining six measures of climate, topography, and water area that reflect environmental qualities most people prefer.

  • Normalized Prices

    ERS annually calculates "normalized prices," which smooth out the effects of shortrun seasonal or cyclical variation, for key agricultural inputs and outputs. They are used to evaluate the benefits of projects affecting agriculture.

  • Oil Crops Chart Gallery

    These charts illustrate current market trends for oilseeds and oilseed products.

  • Oil Crops Yearbook

    Oilseed, oilmeal, and fats and oils supply and use statistics. Includes oilseed acreage, yield, and production estimates and farm and wholesale price series.

  • Organic Handlers: Procurement and Contracting

    Updates to this product are suspended. Get select results from the 2004 and 2007 Nationwide Surveys of Organic Manufacturers, Processors, and Distributors. Data are available on 9 commodity groups, such as fruit and nuts, and 45 commodities, such as berries and citrus.

  • Organic Prices

    Wholesale prices for select organic and conventional fruits and vegetables, first receiver prices for organic poultry and eggs, and f.o.b. and spot market prices for organic grain and feedstuffs. Estimated U.S. sales volume of organic and total fluid milk, based on Federal milk marketing order statistics. All data are now through 2013.

  • Organic Production

    ERS collects data from USDA-accredited State and private certification groups to calculate the extent of certified organic farmland acreage and livestock in the United States.

  • Phytosanitary Regulation

    This data product identifies which countries, under APHIS phytosanitary rules, are eligible to export to the United States the fresh fruits and vegetables that are most important in the American diet.

  • Population-Interaction Zones for Agriculture (PIZA)

    The PIZA codes index small geographic areas (the contiguous 48 States divided up into five-kilometer grid cells) according to the size and proximity of population concentrations.

  • Price Spreads from Farm to Consumer

    ERS compares the prices paid by consumers for food with the prices received by farmers for their corresponding commodities. This product provides data for at-home foods by commodity group.

  • Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database

    The Quarterly Food-at-Home Price Database (QFAHPD) provides food price data to support research on the economic determinants of food consumption, diet quality, and health outcomes. The QFAHPD database was constructed from household food-at-home purchases reported in the Nielsen Homescan panel data.

  • Quarterly Food-Away-From-Home Prices

    The Quarterly Food-Away-From-Home Prices (QFAFHP) data set provides quarterly price data for food away from home and alcohol, both at home and away from home, to support research on the economic determinants of diet quality and health outcomes.

  • Rice Chart Gallery

    These charts provide a snapshot of the domestic and global market for rice, the primary staple for more than half the world's population.

  • Rice Yearbook

    U.S. rice production, supply, disappearance, trade, and price data. Includes state acreage, yield, and production data; U.S. and world price series; and program statistics. Contains world supply and use estimates as well.

  • Rural Child Poverty Chart Gallery

    Factors that shape the geography of high and increasing rural child poverty are explored: economic conditions, young adult education levels, and family structure.

  • Rural Definitions

    Dozens of definitions are currently used by Federal and State agencies, researchers, and policymakers. The ERS Rural Definitions data product allows users to make comparisons among nine representative rural definitions.

  • Rural-Urban Commuting Area Codes

    The rural-urban commuting area codes (RUCA) classify U.S. census tracts using measures of urbanization, population density, and daily commuting. The latest RUCA codes are based on data from the 2010 decennial census and the 2006-10 American Community Survey.

  • Rural-Urban Continuum Codes

    The 2013 Rural-Urban Continuum Codes form a classification scheme that distinguishes metropolitan counties by the population size of their metro area, and nonmetropolitan counties by degree of urbanization and adjacency to metro areas. The official Office of Management and Budget (OMB) metro and nonmetro categories have been subdivided into three metro and six nonmetro categories. Each county in the U.S. and Puerto Rico is assigned one of the 9 codes.

  • Season-Average Price Forecasts

    This data product provides three Excel file spreadsheet models that use futures prices to forecast the U.S. season-average price received and the implied price loss coverage (PLC) payment rate for three major field crops (corn, soybeans, and wheat).

  • SNAP Policy Database

    SNAP Policy Database provides a central data source for information on State-level program policies in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), such as eligibility criteria, recertification and reporting requirements, benefit issuance methods, and availability of online applications.

  • State Export Data

    The data provide estimates of annual U.S. agricultural export values by State and commodity.

  • State Fact Sheets

    The ERS State Fact Sheets provide information on population, income, poverty, food security, education, employment, organic agriculture, farm characteristics, farm financial indicators, top commodities, and exports. Farm financial indicators for the U.S. and States now reflect 2015 estimates; food security statistics reflect the 2015 estimates.

  • Sugar and Sweeteners Yearbook Tables

    ERS analysts track U.S. and international sugar and sweetener production, consumption, and trade.

  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Data System

    The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Data System provides time-series data on State and county-level estimates of SNAP participation and benefit levels, combined with area estimates of total population and the number of persons in poverty.

  • U.S. Bioenergy Statistics

    The U.S. Bioenergy Statistics are a source of information on biofuels intended to present a picture of the renewable energy industry and its relationship to agriculture. Where appropriate, data are presented in both a calendar year and the relevant marketing year timeframe to increase utility to feedstock-oriented users. The statistics highlight the factors that influence the demand for agricultural feedstocks for biofuels production; for instance, numerous tables emphasize the relationship between energy and commodity markets.

  • U.S. Food Imports

    This data set provides import values of edible products (food and beverages) entering U.S. ports and their origin of shipment. Data are from the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau. Food and beverage import values are compiled by calendar year into food groups corresponding to major commodities or level of processing. At least 10 years of annual data are included, enabling users to track long-term growth patterns.

  • Urban Influence Codes

    The 2013 Urban Influence Codes form a classification scheme that distinguishes metropolitan counties by population size of their metro area, and nonmetropolitan counties by size of the largest city or town and proximity to metro and micropolitan areas. The standard Office of Management and Budget (OMB) metro and nonmetro categories have been subdivided into two metro and 10 nonmetro categories, resulting in a 12-part county classification.

  • Vegetables and Pulses Data

    This data product provides users with comprehensive statistics on fresh and processed vegetables and pulses in the United States, as well as global production and trade data for these sectors. It harmonizes and integrates data from the ERS market outlook program with data collected by different Federal and international statistical agencies to facilitate analyses of economic performance over time, and across domestic and foreign markets.

  • Western Irrigated Agriculture

    This data product summarizes the farm-structural characteristics for irrigated farms in the 17 Western States based on USDA's 2008 and 1998 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Surveys.

  • Wheat Chart Gallery

    Charts comparing current prices with previous years and current supply and use variables with the previous marketing year.

  • Wheat Data

    This data product contains statistics on wheat - including the five classes of wheat: hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, white, durum - and rye.