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Peer Reviews

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has issued guidelines for the peer review of important scientific information before it is disseminated by the Federal Government. OMB published its "Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review" in the Federal Register on January 14, 2005, at 70 FR 2664-2677. 16x16 - PDF The Bulletin provides specific requirements for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information that are disseminated by Federal agencies, including posting the agenda and plans for such peer reviews on agency websites.

USDA has also issued Scientific Research Guidelines/Peer Review standards that USDA agencies and offices will follow in developing and reviewing scientific research information and disseminating it to the public.

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Highly Influential Scientific Assessments

At this time, ERS has no agenda of forthcoming highly influential scientific assessments to post on its website in accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review. PDF

ERS Agenda for Peer Reviews of Influential Scientific Information

ERS's economists and social scientists conduct research to inform public and private decisionmaking on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development.  The agency's research program is aimed at the information needs of USDA, other public policy officials, and the research community. ERS information and analysis is also used by the media, trade associations, public interest groups, and the general public.  ERS disseminates economic information and research results through an array of outlets.

ERS has two types of report series that could contain potentially influential scientific information: ERS research reports; and Outlook Special Reports. The peer review process varies for each series.  All reports in each series are included in ERS's peer review agenda for potentially influential scientific information. 

  • ERS research reports-Division management submits ERS research reports, including Economic Briefs, Economic Information Bulletins, Technical Bulletins, and Economic Research Reports, to the ERS Peer Review Council to develop the peer review plan and coordinate the peer review process.  Each report submitted to the Peer Review Council is reviewed by a minimum of two external economists/subject specialists and one economist from ERS. In addition, subject specialists from USDA agencies potentially affected by the research provide technical reviews. All reviews are double blind (the reviewers do not know the identity of the report author(s) and the author(s) do not know the names of the reviewers). Review criteria are detailed in request letters PDF icon (16x16) sent to each reviewer.
  • Outlook Special Reports-Outlook Special Reports deliver time-sensitive information related to the forces shaping commodity markets and trade.  These reports provide analysis of commodity market conditions, production, supply, and use, both domestically and internationally. Outlook Special Reports are reviewed by ERS staff, external commodity and market specialists, and subject experts on the World Agricultural Outlook Board.

Cleared manuscripts are posted on the ERS website. For a complete list, see the Publications catalog.

In accordance with OMB's Final Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review, PDF ERS's Peer Review Agenda for potentially influential scientific information is reported below. The agenda is updated quarterly.

ERS Peer Review Agenda for Potentially Influential Scientific Information (Under review as of July 1, 2016)
Working TitleDescriptionPeer Review Plan
The Use of Experiments for Policy Research and Market Design Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Providing Nutrition Incentives: What Can SNAP Learn from WIC? Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
The Impact of Energy Prices on Crops and Biofuels Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
The Effects of Stimulating U.S. Agricultural Exports on Metro and Nonmetro Employment Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Food Safety Practices and Costs under the Leafy Greens Marketing Agreement Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Interactions Between Land Use, Land Cover, and Pollinator Health: A Review Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Farm Household Income Volatility Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
USDA Microloans: The First Three Years Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
The Adoption of Genetically Engineered Alfalfa, Canola and Sugarbeets in the United States Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Overview of Changes to the Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program under the Agricultural Act of 2014 and Their Potential Risk Reduction Impacts Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
U.S. Food Commodity Consumption by Food Source, 1994-2008 Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
The Role of Fossil Fuels in the U.S. Food System and the American Diet Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
China’s Pork Imports Rise Along with Production Costs Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
Rural Education At A Glance, 2016 Edition Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Global Ethanol Mandates: Opportunities for U.S. Exports of Ethanol and Distiller’s Grains Economic Information Bulletin 16x16 - PDF
Food-Safety Test Performance and Public Disclosure: The Value of Information in Encouraging Improvements in Food Safety in the Chicken-Slaughter Industry Economic Research Report 16x16 - PDF
Changing Crop Area in the Region of the Former Soviet Union Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF
The Impact of Sanctions and the Nuclear Agreement on U.S. and Iran Agriculture Special Outlook Report 16x16 - PDF

See completed peer reviews

Contact

For information on ERS's agenda and plans for peer reviews of highly influential scientific assessments and influential scientific information, contact:

Cynthia Nickerson
Economic Research Service
355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
email: cnickerson@ers.usda.gov
phone: (202) 694-5626

USDA Resources

The USDA website provides more information on:

Last updated: Friday, July 08, 2016

For more information contact: Cynthia Nickerson