TopicsTopics

Stay Connected

Follow ERS on Twitter
Subscribe to RSS feeds
Subscribe to ERS e-Newsletters.aspx
Listen to ERS podcasts
Read ERS blogs at USDA

Publications

Sort by: Title |  Date |  Series | 
1,438 publications, sorted by date 

Didn't find what you were looking for?


AP-060, July 09, 2014
The ERS publishing process ensures that products meet the objectives of high-quality and timely economic analysis, transparent explanation of methods, objective interpretation of results, and effective communication to the intended audience. This document outlines the peer review and clearance proce...
GFA-25, July 08, 2014
The food-insecure population of 76 low- and middle-income countries is projected to fall 9 percent to 490 million in 2014. The food-insecure share of the population is projected to rise from 13.9 percent in 2014 to 14.6 percent in 2024.
ERR-167, July 08, 2014
The association of food insecurity with household characteristics and national economic conditions over 2001-12 provides insight into why food insecurity remained at about the same level in 2012 as shortly after the recession.
ERR-169, July 07, 2014
Increases to premium subsidies can induce farmers to enroll more land in the crop insurance program, but they primarily encourage them to adopt higher levels of coverage on land already enrolled. Effects vary by region and crop type.
ERR-168, July 07, 2014
ERS reports the rates at which inspection of fruit and vegetable imports into the United States result in phytosanitary treatments at the border, and finds little evidence that phytosanitary regulations affect imports significantly.
Amber Waves, July 07, 2014
Runoff from agricultural activity and other nonpoint sources contributes to adverse environmental conditions in the Chesapeake Bay, interfering with fish and shellfish production and compromising recreational opportunities. In order to meet Environmental Protection Agency goals for the Chesapeake Ba...
Amber Waves, July 07, 2014
Organic program provisions in the 2014 Farm Act cover a broad set of objectives—assisting with organic certification costs, expanding organic research and data collection, improving technical assistance and crop insurance, strengthening enforcement of organic regulations, and expanding market opport...
Amber Waves, July 07, 2014
The Agricultural Act of 2014 maintains SNAP’s basic eligibility guidelines and includes provisions designed to encourage SNAP recipients to choose healthy foods and to build the skills needed to increase their employment options. Other provisions aim to improve the food environment at schools and in...
Amber Waves, July 07, 2014
The 2014 Farm Act repealed a number of programs, chief among them the fixed annual Direct Payments, and introduced new programs tied to current prices and/or revenues. The new programs increase the potential variability of annual farm program payments and involve complex tradeoffs requiring producer...
EIB-127, June 27, 2014
The Affordable Care Act will require posted nutrition information in many eating venues. ERS examines demographic traits and dietary habits of U.S. consumers of away-from-home food, establishing a baseline before the law is implemented.
EIB-121, June 27, 2014
In the United States, 31 percent—or 133 billion pounds—of the 430 billion pounds of the available food supply at retail and consumer levels went uneaten in 2010. Errata: On June 27, 2014, Tables 2, 3, and 5 were updated to correct some incorrect values. The errors did not affect ...
EIB-126, June 19, 2014
The broiler industry relies greatly on production contracts, with payment based on performance relative to other producers. Productivity improvements reflect developments in genetics, feed formulations, and housing technologies.
FANRR-30, June 18, 2014
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, through the Summer Food Service Program (SFSP), funds meals for children in low-income areas when school is not in session. USDA's Economic Research Service recently sponsored the first comprehensive study of the SFSP in more than a decade. The nationally represen...
EFAN-03001, June 18, 2014
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, through the Summer Food Service Program (SFSP), funds meals for children in low-income areas when school is not in session. The first comprehensive study of the SFSP since 1986 found that, in fiscal year 2001, more than 4,000 local sponsors provided about 130 mill...
SSSM-310, June 18, 2014
The USDA forecasts more sugar from Mexico for 2013/14 and for 2014/15.
LDPM-240, June 18, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for June 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
WHS-14F, June 13, 2014
The June 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
FDS-14F, June 13, 2014
The June 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
RCS-14F, June 13, 2014
The June 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
FANRR-22, June 13, 2014
The introduction of tiered reimbursement rates in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) concentrated program benefits more intensely on low-income children, as intended. Tiering reduced the number of family child care homes participating in the program, but did not alter the number or nutrit...
CWS-14F, June 13, 2014
The June 2014 report updates USDA's 2014/15 projections and 2013/14 estimates for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand. Relevant fiber data tables and charts are also included.
OCS-14F, June 13, 2014
Tight U.S. soybean stocks support prices in advance of new-crop supplies.
AP-064, June 06, 2014
The USDA seeks to fund a Center that will use behavioral and experimental economics to conduct research on how policies and programs can influence the provision of ecosystem services from agricultural lands.
FANRR-41, June 05, 2014
Food prices within States affect average monthly costs of State food benefits packages provided by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) more than variations in WIC caseload composition do. In addition, cost-containment practices by State WIC agencies prov...
WHS-04I01, June 05, 2014
This report provides a detailed description and analysis of policies used by Japan to support its wheat and barley producers. Domestic policies include direct payments for production, subsidies to plant wheat and barley on diverted rice paddies, subsidized hazard insurance, and subsidies to increase...
SB-974-8, June 05, 2014
Sugarbeet production and costs varied considerably across farms and regions in the United States on both a per-acre and a per-ton basis, according to a U.S. Department of Agriculture survey of farmers in 2000. This report summarizes production and financial information related to the 2000 sugarbeet ...
ERR-166, June 04, 2014
ERS researchers use data on agriculture in the Chesapeake Bay watershed to assess the effectiveness of different policies for achieving nutrient and sediment reduction goals, ranging from voluntary financial incentives to regulation.
AP-063, June 04, 2014
ERS in partnership with USDA’s Food and Nutrition Service is inviting proposals to establish the USDA Center for Behavioral Economics and Healthy Food Choice Research. The USDA Center will apply behavioral economics to food choice behaviors, including consumer, food industry, and retailer behaviors,...
AER-811, June 02, 2014
The U.S. Food Marketing System, 2002 provides a detailed overview of the structure, performance, information systems, new technology, and foreign direct investment of the food manufacturing, wholesaling, grocery retailing, and food service sectors, including a comprehensive set of appendix tables co...
ERR-6, June 02, 2014
Nonreciprocal trade preference programs originated in the 1970s as an effort by high-income developed countries to provide tariff concessions for low-income countries. This study analyzes detailed trade and tariff data for the United States and the European Union (the two largest nonreciprocal prefe...
Amber Waves, June 02, 2014
ERS estimates that 31 percent, or 133 billion pounds, of food available for consumption in U.S. grocery stores, restaurants, and homes went uneaten in 2010. Greater awareness of the amount of food loss—and where and why it occurs—may help spur public and private responses.
Amber Waves, June 02, 2014
The Agricultural Act of 2014 continues the trend of assisting beginning farmers, and includes increased funding for beginning farmer development. Read about it in the June issue of Amber Waves magazine.
AES-82, May 29, 2014
The May 2014 quarterly USDA forecasts for agricultural trade in the United States in FY 2014 are presented and discussed in this report.
ERR-13, May 28, 2014
Empirical analysis of mergers and acquisitions in eight important food industries suggests that workers in acquired plants realized modest increases in employment and wages relative to other workers. Results also show that mergers and acquisitions reduced the likelihood of plant closures while high ...
RCS-14E, May 28, 2014
The May 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
EIB-125, May 28, 2014
Double-cropping (about 2 percent of total cropland) intensifies production without expanding cropland acres. Use of double-cropping varies by crop, region, and climate, and responds year-to-year to changes in commodity prices and weather.
TB-1938, May 27, 2014
ERS’s new Quarterly Food-Away-from-Home Prices (QFAFHP) data show substantial variation in prices across U.S. regions and food establishment types, with implications for analyses of food purchasing behavior and dietary outcomes.
FANRR-44, May 27, 2014
This study compared consumption patterns of WIC children with those of three different comparison groups: eligible nonparticipating children living in non-WIC households, eligible nonparticipating children living in WIC households, and children living in households whose income is too high to be eli...
EB-8, May 27, 2014
USDA’s Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides supplemental foods to participants, in most cases through vouchers for retail purchase of foods designated as approved by the program. WIC food packages were initially designed to include foods rich in nutr...
VGS-292-01, May 22, 2014
This report examines China's sharply increased exports of fresh and frozen vegetables to Japan in the 1990s. The fast growth of Chinese frozen vegetable exports to Japan, however, does not yet pose a serious challenge to the position of U.S. frozen vegetables in Japan. Japan's frozen vegetable impor...
EIB-124, May 19, 2014
Pesticide use on 21 selected crops more than tripled from 1960 to 1981, but has since declined from 632 million pounds to 516 million pounds in 2008, partly due to more efficient active ingredients, Integrated Pest Management, and GE seeds.
ERR-161, May 16, 2014
Survey data show diet quality improvements from 2005 to 2010 among working-age adults, with changes in intake of calories, saturated fat, cholesterol, and fiber, and fewer meals outside the home.
OCS-14E, May 16, 2014
Global oilseed supplies seen surging with a record U.S. soybean crop.
SSSM-309, May 15, 2014
The USDA predicts tight market conditions for U.S. sugar in 2014/15.
LDPM-239, May 15, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for May 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
FDS-14E, May 13, 2014
The May 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
CWS-14E, May 13, 2014
The May 2014 USDA initial 2014/15 projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand are presented and discussed in this report. Relevant fiber data tables and charts are also included.
WHS-14E, May 13, 2014
The May 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
AIB-731, May 13, 2014
The number of new food processing plants rose sharply in 1995. Profitability from food manufacturing and retailing operations (excluding interest expense) continued to increase, reflecting strong sales, wage and producer price stability, and streamlining of operations. The number of mergers and leve...
Amber Waves, May 05, 2014
When ERS researchers examined the types of vegetables and vegetable-containing foods eaten by Americans, they found that instead of eating vegetables in their simple, unadorned state, Americans often eat vegetables prepared in ways that add calories and sodium and remove dietary fiber.
Amber Waves, May 05, 2014
The Agricultural Act of 2014 continues a strong overall commitment to conservation, with an emphasis on working land conservation. Many conservation programs are consolidated into new programs or merged into existing programs. Crop insurance premium subsidies are re-linked to Conservation Compliance...
EIB-123, April 29, 2014
Small acreage does not necessarily translate into low farm sales. About 17 percent (50,000) of farms with 10 or fewer acres had gross sales of at least $10,000 in 2007, and approximately 6,000 had sales of more than $250,000 that year.
ERR-165, April 29, 2014
An ERS econometric model shows that supply-and-demand factors specific to the wheat market largely accounted for observed price variation in 2008. In contrast, speculation by index traders had comparatively little influence on prices.
TB-1909, April 28, 2014
Atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases can be reduced by withdrawing carbon from the atmosphere and sequestering it in soils and biomass. This report analyzes the performance of alternative incentive designs and payment levels if farmers were paid to adopt land uses and management practices ...
FDS-14D-01, April 25, 2014
The pace of growth in China’s corn yield is a key determinant of its future corn imports. Yields are growing, but more slowly than U.S. yields. Trends suggest China’s corn consumption, driven by feed demand, will outpace production growth.
LDPM-238, April 25, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for April 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
AER-782, April 24, 2014
Water quality is a major environmental issue. Pollution from nonpoint sources is the single largest remaining source of water quality impairments in the United States. Agriculture is a major source of several nonpoint-source pollutants; agricultural nonpoint pollution reduction policies can be desig...
EIB-27, April 17, 2014
Could a single program support farm income and encourage environmentally sound farm practices? ERS looks at some hypothetical program scenarios.
EIB-11, April 17, 2014
Ten years after the first generation of genetically engineered (GE) varieties became commercially available, adoption of these varieties by U.S. farmers is widespread for major crops. Driven by farmers' expectations of higher yields, savings in management time, and lower pesticide costs, the adoptio...
ERR-47, April 17, 2014
ERS examines economic factors in the dramatic decline in the number of dairy farms over the past 15 years and the increasing concentration in the industry.
ERR-46, April 17, 2014
Rising incomes in emerging markets are propelling U.S. export growth, while consumer demand for diversified products is a primary driver of import growth.
SSSM-308, April 15, 2014
The April 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global sugar and sweeteners markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
ERR-148, April 15, 2014
Farms in more drought-prone areas are more likely to offer land to the Conservation Reserve Program or participate in other conservation programs. If climate change increases drought risk, farmer interest in these programs will likely grow.
EIB-99, April 15, 2014
Agriculture accounts for 80-90 percent of U.S. consumptive water use. ERS draws on findings from several national surveys and current literature to assess water resource use and conservation measures within the irrigated crop sector.
FDS-14D, April 11, 2014
The April 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
RCS-14D, April 11, 2014
The April 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
OCS-14D, April 11, 2014
Record 2014 soybean acreage heralds upsurge for currently tight stocks.
CWS-14D, April 11, 2014
The April 2014 USDA projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand are presented and discussed in this report. Relevant fiber data tables and charts are also included.
WHS-14D, April 11, 2014
The April 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
EIB-122, April 08, 2014
While farm business debt use varies widely, large farms, farms with younger operators, and dairy and poultry farms have the highest levels of debt use.
ERR-30, April 08, 2014
Participants in U.S. farm programs are restricted from planting and harvesting wild rice, fruit, and most vegetables (nonprogram crops) on acreage historically used for program crops (known as base acreage). However, a recent World Trade Organization challenge to U.S. programs has created pressure t...
AER-834, April 08, 2014
This report estimates the impact that high levels of enrollment in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) have had on economic trends in rural counties since the program’s inception in 1985 until today. The results of a growth model and quasi-experimental control group analysis indicate no discernib...
EIB-25, April 08, 2014
ERS provides information on the composition, location, employment, education, and other characteristics of households that experienced very low food security.
WRS-0602, April 08, 2014
Canada has become the United States’ most important trading partner. Canada is a large exporter to the United States of critical raw materials—including natural gas, petroleum, and wood products—and a substantial importer of finished industrial and consumer goods. Canada’s agricultural trade continu...
Amber Waves, April 08, 2014
Debt owed by U.S. farm businesses rose 39 percent between 1992 and 2011, after adjusting for inflation. Despite rising debts, financial leverage—measured as debt relative to the value of assets—declined over this period for the typical farm business. Debt use and financial leverage varies widely, bu...
Amber Waves, April 07, 2014
USDA anticipates that China’s soybean and corn imports will continue to rise, with soybean imports meeting nearly all soybean meal demand and imports accounting for about 10 percent of corn supplies by 2023. Meat imports are also projected to rise, but remain a small share of consumption.
SSSM-307, March 28, 2014
The March 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and Mexico sugar and sweeteners markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
AER-772, March 28, 2014
Most American diets do not meet Federal Food Guide Pyramid dietary recommendations. On average, people consume too many servings of added fats and sugars and too few servings of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, lean meats, and foods made from whole grains--compared with a reference set of Food Gu...
LDPM-237, March 14, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for March 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
ERR-164, March 14, 2014
ERS research shows that food security improved in Chhattisgarh, India, in response to food aid distribution reforms.
RCS-14C, March 12, 2014
The March 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
FDS-14C, March 12, 2014
The March 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
CWS-14C, March 12, 2014
The March 2014 USDA projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand are presented and discussed in this report. Relevant fiber data tables and charts are also included.
OCS-14C, March 12, 2014
U.S. soybean exports stay firm despite gains in Brazil shipments.
WHS-14C, March 12, 2014
The March 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
ERR-163, March 07, 2014
Researchers from University of Kentucky and ERS find use of USDA's LGM-Dairy insurance reduces producers' risk but has little effect on the size of the average margin and only a modest potential to induce greater milk supplies.
Amber Waves, March 04, 2014
Farmers planted about 170 million acres of GE crops in 2013.
Amber Waves, March 04, 2014
Between 2005 and 2010, Americans experienced large changes in employment and income that affected their food expenditures and intake. Once demographic characteristics unrelated to the Great Recession are controlled for, food-away-from-home (FAFH) calories among working-age adults declined about 15 p...
Amber Waves, March 04, 2014
Family farms represent 97.6 percent of all U.S. farms, and are responsible for 85 percent of U.S. farm production.
Amber Waves, March 03, 2014
India passed the National Food Security Act in 2013 to implement reforms in the distribution of subsidized food modeled after reforms made earlier in the State of Chhattisgarh. There have been significant gains in food security in Chhattisgarh, but impacts at the national level are uncertain.
CWS-14B, February 26, 2014
The Cotton and Wool Outlook tables provide the latest fiber and textile product data.

Errata: On February 26, 2014, Table 7, Table 8, and Table 9 were revised with corrected data for October and November 2013.

ERR-162, February 20, 2014
Farmer adoption of GE crops is associated with time savings, lower insecticide use, and more conservation tillage. Consumer acceptance of GE ingredients varies across countries, product characteristics, and level of information.
EIB-120, February 20, 2014
Federal expenditures for USDA’s domestic food and nutrition assistance programs totaled $108.9 billion in fiscal 2013, or 2 percent more than the previous fiscal year--the smallest annual increase in percentage terms since 2000.
AES-81, February 19, 2014
The February 2014 quarterly USDA forecasts for agricultural trade in the United States in FY 2014 are presented and discussed in this report.
ERR-58, February 18, 2014
Acreage for dry peas and lentils has increased since passage of the 2002 Farm Act. ERS examines the role of the Act’s marketing loans in the increase, and the trade impacts.
SSSM-306, February 14, 2014
The February 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global sugar and sweeteners markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
OCE-141, February 14, 2014
USDA's longrun projections for global agriculture reflect steady world economic growth and continued demand for biofuels, which combine to support increases in consumption, trade, and prices.
LDPM-236, February 14, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for February 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
FDS-14B, February 12, 2014
The February 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
RCS-14B, February 12, 2014
The February 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
OCS-14B, February 12, 2014
Strong demand for U.S. soybeans will soon shift quickly to Brazil.
WHS-14B, February 12, 2014
The February 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
TB-1937, February 10, 2014
ERS presents updated estimates of cross-price elasticities, or responses of consumers to product price changes, using data for nine major food and nonfood consumption categories across 144 countries.
TB-1929, February 10, 2014
In a 2003 report, International Evidence on Food Consumption Patterns, ERS economists estimated income and price elasticities of demand for broad consumption categories and food categories across 114 countries using 1996 International Comparison Program (ICP) data. This report updates that analysis ...
Amber Waves, February 03, 2014
Despite progress and large outlays on food subsidies, India still accounts for the largest share of the world’s food insecure population. The new National Food Security Act increases the households eligible for subsidized food grains, but questions remain on the impact the legislation.
Amber Waves, February 03, 2014
U.S. hog farm numbers dropped by 70 percent over 1991-2009 while hog inventories remained stable. The result has been an industry with larger hog enterprises, increased specialization in a single phase of production, greater reliance on purchased rather than homegrown feed, and greater use of produc...
Amber Waves, February 03, 2014
USDA’s food and nutrition assistance programs—many of which were conceived half a century ago—are still some of the Federal Government’s most important means of fighting poverty and improving the economic well-being of needy Americans.
RCS-0303-01, January 29, 2014
This report provides a detailed description and analysis of policies used by Japan to support its rice producers. Domestic policies include a program offering compensation to farmers when market prices fall below specified targets, subsidized hazard insurance, and subsidies to increase the size of f...
OCS-1102-01, January 29, 2014
This report provides a detailed description and analysis of policies used by Japan to support its oilseed producers and processors. Domestic policies include compensation to farmers when market prices fall below specified targets and subsidized hazard insurance. The government provides strong incent...
VGS-293-01, January 29, 2014
This publication provides a detailed description and analysis of policies used by Japan to support its vegetable producers and to regulate vegetable markets. Domestic policies include compensation to farmers when market prices fall below a moving average of historical prices, subsidies to make farms...
SSSM-234-01, January 29, 2014
This report provides a detailed description and analysis of policies used by Japan to support its sugar producers and to regulate sweetener markets. Domestic policies include price floors for cane and beet farmers; subsidies to sugar refiners to compensate for the high cost of domestic sugarcane and...
AIB-741, January 28, 2014
Many rural communities have benefited from the attraction of retirees in recent years. With the baby boom generation beginning to make retirement decisions, many other rural communities might consider economic development strategies based on attracting and retaining retirees. This report reviews th...
LDPM-235, January 17, 2014
The Livestock, Dairy, & Poultry Outlook for January 2014 describes events and outlook based on projections from USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates Report for beef, pork, poultry, and dairy production and trade.
SSSM-305, January 16, 2014
The January 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global sugar and sweeteners markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Use Estimates report.
SSSM-304, January 16, 2014
The Sugar and Sweetener Outlook for December 2013 reviews the sugar and sweetener outlook for the United States and Mexico, emphasizing changes made in the December 2013 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report and recent Feedstock Flexibility Program (FFP) developments. Also to...
SSSM-297, January 16, 2014
The Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook for May 2013 reviews the sugar and sweetener outlook for the United States and Mexico, emphasizing changes made in the May 2013 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report and new forecasts for 2013/14. Also included is a chapter on sugar supply and...
FDS-14A, January 16, 2014
The January 2014 Feed Grains Outlook report contains projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global feed markets based on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
CWS-14A, January 14, 2014
The Cotton and Wool Outlook tables provide the latest fiber and textile product data.
RCS-14A, January 14, 2014
The January 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global rice markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
WHS-14A, January 14, 2014
The January 2014 outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
OCS-14A, January 14, 2014
The January 2014 Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.
FTS-356-01, January 09, 2014
Imports of fresh fruits complement domestic production and contribute to the year-round availability of fresh fruit in the U.S. market. Imports also help lower domestic prices and smooth out price fluctuations.
EIB-119, January 06, 2014
Most WIC State agencies are currently paying lower net prices for infant formula (adjusting for inflation) than under the previous contracts they negotiated with manufacturers – allaying earlier concerns about rising prices.
EIB-40, December 30, 2013
Rural America At A Glance, 2008 Edition highlights the most recent indicators of social and economic conditions in rural areas for use in developing policies and programs to assist rural areas. The 2008 edition focuses on employment, poverty, population change, and demographic characteristics of non...
FDS-13L-01, December 30, 2013
From 2005 to 2011, there were growing discrepancies between expiring futures prices and cash prices for wheat, corn, and soybeans--a problem known as non-convergence. Changes to futures contracts have improved convergence since 2011.
EIB-41, December 17, 2013
The Food Stamp Program is designed to provide low-income families with increased food purchasing power to obtain a nutritionally adequate diet. As in most other Federal Government assistance programs, benefits are adjusted in response to rising prices—in this case, rising food prices. The current me...
LDPM-234, December 16, 2013
Exports and Demand Dynamics Provide Price Support.
Amber Waves, December 16, 2013
In Amber Waves: The availability of processing facilities can be a critical bottleneck in local sourcing and marketing of meat and poultry.
Amber Waves, December 16, 2013
Energy Development’s Impacts on Rural Employment Growth.
RCS-13L, December 12, 2013
India's 2013/14 Production Forecast Reduced.
FDS-13L, December 12, 2013
Imports Bump Up Feed Grain Supplies as Ethanol and Exports Boost Use and Stocks Slip.
OCS-13L, December 12, 2013
An Abundance of U.S. Soybean Supplies Propels 2013/14 Exports.
CWS-13J, December 12, 2013
The latest USDA projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand.
WHS-13L, December 12, 2013
The outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets is analyzed based on the latest projections contained in the World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
ERR-160, December 06, 2013
The transmission of fuel prices to wholesale produce prices depends not only on distance from farm to sales point, but also on the transportation method, import shares and seasonality issues, and perishability.
GFA-24, December 05, 2013
The share of the population that is food insecure in 76 low- and middle-income countries is expected to decline from 21 percent in 2012 to 20 percent in 2013. Key determinants of food security are food production and import capacity.
AES-80, December 02, 2013
U.S. agricultural exports to fall 3 percent in fiscal 2014. Imports to rise 5 percent to record high.
ERR-157, November 29, 2013
More households tended to receive benefits from both SNAP and Unemployment Insurance during the recent recession, but joint participation varied by household’s education level and their annual income relative to the poverty level.
WHS-13K, November 27, 2013
The outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets are analyzed based on the latest projections contained in the World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report
EB-24, November 26, 2013
Since 2011, net job growth in nonmetro areas has been near zero while metro employment has grown 1.4 percent annually. Meanwhile, the first recorded period of nonmetro population loss occurred between 2010 and 2012.
LDPM-231-01, November 26, 2013
The United States is the world’s second largest broiler meat exporter, and exports are a valuable source of income for the industry. ERS examines factors affecting the growth in broiler meat exports, focusing on several major markets.
EB-25, November 26, 2013
Veterans possess education and skill levels that position them to contribute economically to rural communities. ERS presents a social and demographic profile of veterans residing in rural areas.
FTS-356, November 22, 2013
Lighter cherry supplies in California and Washington State are supporting upward pressure on 2013 domestic cherry prices. Mix of hot and cold weather hindered early-season peach production from its full potential.
ERR-159, November 21, 2013
Production of wind power, corn-based ethanol, and unconventionally extracted natural gas more than doubled overall from 2000 to 2010. ERS looks at the contribution these emerging-energy industries have made to local economies.
SSSM-295, November 19, 2013
The Sugar and Sweetener Outlook for March 2013 reviews the sugar and sweetener outlook for the United States and Mexico, emphasizing changes made in the March 2013 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report. Also included is a special chapter on methodology of projecting USDA ener...
VGS-353, November 19, 2013
According to the California Processing Tomato Report, National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA, California tomato processors intend to contract 2.8 percent more processing tomatoes in 2013 than the previous year.
LDPM-226, November 19, 2013
Lower corn prices may boost expansion for livestock.
FDS-13E, November 19, 2013
May 2013 Feed Outlook report
FDS-13F, November 19, 2013
Rains have delayed planting the 2013 corn crop resulting in a projected yield decline of 1.5 bushels per acre to 156.5 bushels per acre.
FTS-355, November 19, 2013
Total U.S. citrus production reduced in 2012/13 due to warm, dry winter. Forecast production at 11.4 million tons. The domestic all-orange crop is forecast 4 percent less than previous season at 8.7 million tons.
LDPM-225, November 19, 2013
Export Markets Evolve, but Dynamic Year for Total Red Meat and Poultry Exports Not Expected.
LDPM-227, November 19, 2013
Pork and poultry production forecast higher in 2014, beef lower.
SSSM-294, November 19, 2013
The Sugar and Sweeteners Outlook for February 2013 reviews the sugar and sweetener outlook for the United States and Mexico, emphasizing changes made in the February 2013 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report. Also included is a special chapter on USDA long term projections o...
Amber Waves, November 18, 2013
Overall food security in 76 countries showed significant improvement over the past decade, with the number and share of food-insecure people declining sharply. In some countries, however, consumption of fat and protein fell short of the nutritional target, and many people in the lowest income groups...
Amber Waves, November 18, 2013
An analysis of the effect of SNAP participation on diet quality yielded mixed results, showing that participants had slightly lower overall diet quality than low-income nonparticipants but better nutritional outcomes for some dietary components.
SSSM-303, November 15, 2013
The Sugar and Sweetener Outlook for Nov. 2013 reviews the sugar and sweetener outlook for the United States and Mexico, emphasizing changes made in the November 2013 WASDE report and recent policy-related USDA events concerning sugar forfeitures, the Feedstock Flexibility Program (FFP), and sugar e...
LDPM-233, November 15, 2013
Lower Feed Grain Prices Improve Margins.
RCS-13K, November 13, 2013
The 2013/14 rough-rice season-average price forecasts were raised for all rice and by class.
FDS-13K, November 13, 2013
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
OCS-13K, November 13, 2013
U.S. Soybean Exports Forecast Boosted by Strong Sales, Improved Crop.
EIB-118, November 04, 2013
ERS examines estimates of the cost of foodborne illness, focusing on factors that result in different estimates. Factors include the number of pathogens included in estimates and the method of assigning monetary value to the impacts.
ERR-155, October 31, 2013
An estimated 14.5 percent of U.S. households were food insecure some time in 2012, essentially unchanged from 2011. The share included 5.7 percent with very low food security.
Amber Waves, October 24, 2013
As China expanded support for agriculture, it relied on raising price supports to maintain net returns to farmers. China became the largest market for U.S. ag. exports as rising prices eroded the competitiveness of Chinese commoditities.
WHS-13I-01, October 23, 2013
Afghanistan’s milling industry has been slow to rebuild, due to highly variable domestic wheat supplies and competition from imported flour, largely from Pakistan where wheat producers and flour millers receive Government support.
ERR-158, October 23, 2013
With most hogs now grown on very large operations and with productivity-enhancing technologies widespread, the slowdown in hog farm productivity growth after 2004 suggests that the era of dramatic productivity gains may be over.
AP-062, September 26, 2013
This collection of nine charts and maps presents essential information on the farm sector, food spending and prices, food security, rural communities, and the interaction of agriculture and natural resources.
TB-1904, September 25, 2013
This report analyzes expenditures on major consumption categories including food and different food subcategories across 114 countries. It also presents estimated expenditure responsiveness or elasticities with price and income changes for each of the major consumption categories and food subcategor...
TB-1925, September 25, 2013
This report presents a simple methodology for calculating cross-price elasticities across countries, using the Frisch own-price elasticity. Cross-price elasticities are calculated for 9 major consumption categories from the 1996 International Comparison Program data across 114 countries. The consump...
ERR-156, September 24, 2013
Linking Texas SNAP records to a national survey of U.S. households, ERS estimates detailed SNAP “access” rates (analogous to participation rates) among eligible individuals across various demographic and geographic groupings in the State.
SSSM-301, September 18, 2013
The Sugar and Sweetener Outlook for September 2013 reviews the sugar and sweetener outlook for the United States and Mexico, emphasizing changes made in the September 2013 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report. This edition reviews recent policy actions on the FFP, marketing allotmen...
LDPM-231, September 18, 2013
Corn-Belt Dryness Tweaks Meat Sectors
FDS-13I, September 16, 2013
A 0.9-bushel increase in the projected U.S. corn yield for 2013/14 boosts corn production by 80 million bushels.
RCS-13I, September 16, 2013
The September 2013 Rice Situation & Outlook report will contain projections for the 2013/14 U.S. and global rice markets. The report is done 12 times a year and relies on the most current World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
CWS-13I, September 16, 2013
The latest USDA projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand.
WHS-13I, September 16, 2013
The outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets are analyzed based on the latest projections contained in the World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
OCS-13I, September 16, 2013
Each month,the Oil Crops Outlook analyzes the major changes and events in the world market for oilseeds and oilseed products.
EFAN-04006, September 12, 2013
A majority of U.S. women with children are now employed outside the home. This ERS-funded study by Abt Associates Inc. used mid-1990s data to explore the effects of mothers’ work on their children’s nutrition. Findings include the following: Children of full-time working mothers have lower overall H...
FANRR-43, September 12, 2013
This report summarizes research findings for the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. This report includes summaries of the research projects that were awarded 1-year grants in summer and fall 2002. The projects focus on food assistance and child well-being, food insecurity a...
EFAN-02010, September 11, 2013
This report complements prior reports on measuring household food security in the United States. It explores key technical issues related to Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement data, focusing especially on the August 1998 and April 1999 surveys. These technical issues include the esti...
EFAN-02011, September 11, 2013
This report provides estimates of the prevalence of food insecurity and hunger in U.S. households in 1998 and 1999 and trends since 1995 based on nationally representative data in the Food Security Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS). The report also provides estimates of the prevalenc...
AIB-716, September 11, 2013
Agricultural chemicals and sediment from cropland may reduce the quality of America's surface and ground water resources. The Clean Water Act stipulates that individual States are responsible for controlling agricultural nonpoint source pollution. Most State plans rely chiefly on education and techn...
WRS-0925, September 10, 2013
Trade in agricultural products is expected to grow rapidly over the next decade both within the North American market and between North America and the rest of the world. Trade liberalization under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) will continue to bolster the economic forces that ...
AER-736, September 10, 2013
Some foreign buyers prefer cleaner U.S. soybeans, but the costs of additional cleaning would exceed the domestic and international benefits by at least $20 million per year, according to Costs and Benefits of Cleaning U.S. Soybeans: Overview and Implications, AER-736, a new publication that summariz...
AER-730, September 10, 2013
Thanks to a change in the nation's most comprehensive farm survey, a new report from USDA's Economic Research Service provides the first in-depth look at a significant segment of the U.S. farm community--retired farm operators.
WRS-99-1A, September 10, 2013
This is the second part of ERS’s report on the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on U.S. agriculture. The first part, WRS-99-1, was published in August 1999 and contains the following sections: Developments in Trade, Policies, and Dispute Resolution; Employment in U.S. Ag...
WRS-99-3, September 10, 2013
This report brings together background information for assessing the impacts of the 1997-99 financial crises on agriculture. It tells the story of the crises, how they affect the crisis countries’ agriculture and trade, and how U.S. agricultural trade is affected.
LDPM-105-01, September 10, 2013
This report provides a detailed description and analysis of policies used by Japan to support its hog producers. Domestic policies include regional deficiency payment programs offering compensation to farmers when market prices fall below specified targets and subsidized hazard insurance. At the bor...
EFAN-03008, September 10, 2013
This study investigated the feasibility of linking administrative data from multiple USDA food assistance and nutrition programs. To determine the potential for record linkage, Phase I of the study gathered information in 26 States on the characteristics and content of administrative databases for t...
EFAN-04006-2, September 10, 2013
The higher income of households with working mothers is related to lower participation in USDA’s Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women,Infants,and Children (WIC) and School Breakfast and Food Stamp Programs. In contrast,children of working mothers are more likely to participate in the Nat...
EFAN-04006-1, September 10, 2013
Compared with children of nonworking mothers, children of full-time working mothers have lower overall HEI (Healthy Eating Index) scores, lower intake of iron and fiber, and higher intake of soda and fried potatoes, even after taking into account differences in maternal and other family characterist...
AH-697, September 10, 2013
This handbook is a compilation of weights, measures, and conversion factors used for agricultural commodities and their products. Several of the conversion factors and values shown in this handbook can be applied to many commodities. Some factors and values relate to specific commodities or products...
ERR-152, September 09, 2013
Crop production and land have shifted to larger operations. ERS details the changes by region and commodity sector, and evaluates driving factors such as technologies, business organization and finances, land attributes, and policy.
AP-046, September 06, 2013
The Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program (FANRP) of USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS), in collaboration with the USDA Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), invites proposals for a competitive grant to establish and fund a center for behavioral economics and child nutrition research. The c...
FDS-12F-01, September 06, 2013
An early corn harvest—before the August 31 end of the previous marketing year—creates an overlap of supply-and-use data between the old and new marketing years that can alter the patterns of corn use and ending stocks, with implications for official USDA projections and estimates.
EIB-117, September 06, 2013
Most farm households have at least one family member working at an off-farm job, and farm operators and spouses are more likely than workers in general to hold management and professional positions.
EIB-39, September 04, 2013
This report examines U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) data on refusals of food offered for importation into the United States from 1998 to 2004. Although the data do not necessarily reflect the distribution of risk in foods, the study found that import refusals highlight food safety problems ...
AP-061, September 04, 2013
This is the statistical supplement for USDA’s annual report on households’ access to adequate food for active, healthy living.
Amber Waves, September 03, 2013
Over the past 3 decades, U.S. crop production has been shifting to larger farms for most crops and in most States. But family farms still dominate U.S. crop production, accounting for 87 percent of the value of U.S. crop production in 2011.
Amber Waves, September 03, 2013
ERS research found that offering school lunches with a healthier mix of vegetables was associated with higher consumption of healthier vegetables, but also higher food costs. "Nudging" students can increase acceptance of healthier foods.
EIB-114, August 30, 2013
Over half of secondary school students consume competitive foods on a typical day; most choices would not meet nutrition standards. Foodservices in affluent districts obtain more revenue from competitive foods.
EIB-116, August 30, 2013
Wheat, the third-largest U.S. crop in volume and value, has distinct varieties grown in different regions or seasons. ERS looks at the variation in growers’ production costs, yields, practices, and profitability across the United States.
AES-79, August 29, 2013
U.S. agricultural exports in fiscal 2014 are forecast down from the previous year's record-high. Exports are expected to fall $5 billion to $135 billion. Imports in fiscal 2014 are expected reach a record $113 billion.
EFAN-04005-3, August 29, 2013
This report is a followup to an initiative to establish a central website to collect data from States on the National School Lunch and the School Breakfast Programs. A central website could be used by researchers and program administrators to compare and analyze data across State and local areas for...
EFAN-04005-2, August 29, 2013
This report is a followup to a proposal to create a national database that links State data from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) with Medicaid and vital records data. The linked information would create new opportunities for Federal and State program...
EFAN--04005-1, August 29, 2013
This report is a followup to a proposal to link the Current Population Survey (CPS) to State Food Stamp Program (FSP) administrative data. A linked CPS-FSP file would create new opportunities to explore dynamic program participation patterns of FSP participants and eligible nonparticipants. The repo...
EFAN-04005, August 29, 2013
Investments in new and improved data resources have the potential to improve the usefulness and cost-effectiveness of research on Federal food assistance and nutrition programs. Data development initiatives in this series of reports address research and program information needs for the Food Stamp P...
EFAN-04007, August 29, 2013
WIC provides supplemental food, nutrition education, and social service referrals to low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, and postpartum women, infants, and children younger than age 5. WIC has come under increased scrutiny as it has expanded rapidly, and some have suggested new directions for the pr...
EFAN-04010, August 29, 2013
This report provides a compendium of 128 survey questions used in previous research to assess dietary knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors for low-income populations over the age of 18. The short questions or sets of questions on nine topics, including fruits and vegetables; grains, legumes, and fibe...
EFAN-03005, August 29, 2013
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides both nutrition education and supplemental foods for pregnant, breastfeeding, and post-partum women, infants, and children. These supplemental foods contain nutrients that nutritional research has found may oth...
EFAN-03-003, August 29, 2013
This report presents the results of a study of about 900 nonwelfare families who left the Food Stamp Program (FSP) in South Carolina between October 1998 and March 2000. Nonwelfare families were defined as families who did not receive any benefits under the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TA...
EFAN-03013, August 29, 2013
The plummeting food stamp caseload of the late 1990s fixed policymakers’ and analysts’ attention on the policies and practices of local food stamp offices as possible barriers to participation. With funding from USDA’s Economic Research Service, Abt Associates Inc. and Health Systems Research, Inc.,...
EFAN--03013-1, August 29, 2013
A survey of State food stamp offices shows that many policies and practices recommended by USDA in 1999 to improve accessibility to the Food Stamp Program (FSP) were widely operational by the year 2000. For example, in the surveyed areas, food stamp outreach campaigns were fairly widespread, food st...
EFAN-03013-2, August 29, 2013
Many food stamp-eligible nonparticipants are aware of the Food Stamp Program (FSP) and how to apply but do not realize that they are eligible. Nearly all eligible nonparticipating households surveyed in 2000 and 2001 knew of the FSP, but less than half thought they were eligible. Most nonparticipant...
EFAN-03013-3, August 29, 2013
The Food Stamp Program Access Study was motivated by a desire to learn whether and how the administrative policies and practices of local food stamp offices influence the chances of eligible households participating in the program. This report examines the participation decisions of potentially elig...
EFAN-03008-2, August 29, 2013
Administrative data from USDA's food assistance and nutrition programs (FANPs) provide statistics on the number and characteristics of program participants. However, policymakers and researchers often want more information than these administrative data provide about participation in multiple progra...
EFAN-03008-1, August 29, 2013
Administrative data from USDA's food assistance and nutrition programs (FANPs) provide statistics on the number and characteristics of program participants. However, policymakers and researchers often want more information than these administrative data provide about participation in multiple progra...
EFAN-04014-4, August 29, 2013
Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III), conducted in 1988-94, were used to compare the nutrition and health characteristics of the Nation's older adults—men and women ages 60 years and older. Three groups of older adults were compared based on household inc...
EFAN-04014-3, August 29, 2013
Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III), conducted in 1988-94, were used to compare the nutrition and health characteristics of the Nation's school-age children—boys and girls ages 5-18. Three groups of children were compared based on household income: incom...
EFAN-04014-2, August 29, 2013
Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III), conducted in 1988-94, were used to compare the nutrition and health characteristics of participants and nonparticipants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). This resear...
FANRR-26-1, August 29, 2013
A 1995 study of the family child care homes portion of the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) found that nearly 80 percent of children served came from middle and higher income families. To refocus the program on low-income children, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconcil...
FANRR-10, August 29, 2013
The Economic Research Service Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program (FANRP) offers a Small Grants Program designed to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science scholars in these issues. ERS created partne...
FANRR-20, August 29, 2013
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science...
FANRR-31, August 29, 2013
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides both nutrition education and supplemental foods containing nutrients determined by nutritional research to be lacking in the diets of pregnant, breastfeeding, and post-partum women, infants, and children. Stat...
FANRR-37, August 29, 2013
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science...
FANRR-38, August 29, 2013
This report summarizes research findings from the Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Small Grants Program. The Economic Research Service created the program in 1998 to stimulate new and innovative research on food assistance and nutrition issues and to broaden the participation of social science...
WRS-0505, August 29, 2013
Organic farmland and sales are rapidly growing worldwide, and the two largest markets are in the European Union (EU) and the United States. The two regions have adopted different policy approaches to organic agriculture. Many EU countries have "green payments" available for transitioning and continu...
AER-839, August 29, 2013
Whether the poor pay more for food than other income groups is an important question in food price policy research. Stores serving low-income shoppers differ in important ways from stores that receive less of their revenues from Food Stamp redemptions. Stores with more revenues from Food Stamps are ...
AIB-772, August 29, 2013
Intellectual property protection, globalization, and pressure on public budgets in many industrialized countries have shifted the balance of plant breeding activity from the public to the private sector. Several economic factors influence the relative shares of public versus private sector plant bre...
AIB-768, August 29, 2013
Family farms vary widely in size and other characteristics, ranging from very small retirement and residential farms to establishments with sales in the millions of dollars. The farm typology developed by the Economic Research Service (ERS) categorizes farms into groups based primarily on occupation...
AIB-764, August 29, 2013
For the southern Africa region, both a grain stocking program and an import insurance program would have reduced food supply variability more than historical food aid during 1970-95. The stocking program and the import insurance program would have been less expensive than food aid from a donor point...
AIB-743, August 29, 2013
New food product introductions fell sharply in 1996. The number of new plants, consumer advertising expenditures, and common stock prices reached new highs in 1996, as did the number of mergers in the foodservice industry. Profitability from food manufacturing and retailing was higher due to strong ...
AIB-742, August 29, 2013
Even though farming accounts for only about 1 percent of the total national workforce, it is at the core of the food and fiber system. The system is one of the largest sectors in the U.S. economy, and is comprised of industries related to farming, including feed, seed, fertilizer, machinery, food pr...
AIB-745, August 28, 2013
Please also see Regional Trade Agreements and U.S. Agriculture. This report summarizes the implications of regionalism for the United States, focusing on the effects of major RTA's on U.S. agriculture. Regional trade agreements (RTA's) have become a fixture in the global trade arena. Their advocates...
AIB-737, August 28, 2013
Factors related to local and regional economic growth are attractiveness to retirees, right-to-work laws, excellent high school completion rates, good public education expenditures, and access to transportation networks. These were associated with improved county earnings in 1979-89, according to a ...
AIB-740, August 28, 2013
Increased productivity is a key to a healthy and thriving economy. Consequently, the trend in productivity, economywide, is one of the most closely watched of our common economic performance indicators. Agriculture, in particular, has been a very successful sector of the U.S. economy in terms of pro...
AIB-734, August 28, 2013
The Federal Medicare program provides subsidized health insurance for one in every seven Americans. Medicare covers a higher proportion of rural than urban residents because rural residents are more likely to be elderly or disabled persons entitled to benefits. The rapid growth of Medicare expenditu...
AIB-760, August 28, 2013
ERS recently constructed a new set of regions depicting geographic specialization in production of U.S. farm commodities. ERS will use the new regions to display results of its analyses in a broad array of venues from briefings to publications, our web site, and journal articles. This pamphlet intro...
ERR-154, August 27, 2013
In schools already meeting new daily nutrition standards for fruits and vegetables as of 2005, students ate more of these foods than where the standards were not met. But many students did not eat any of the offered fruits and vegetables.
AIB-732, August 23, 2013
Between 1980 and the mid-1990's, the earnings of American women and men became more equal. The narrowing of the earnings gap reflects a number of changes in women's life experiences (delayed marriage and childbearing, increased labor force participation, greater educational equity with men), as well...
AIB-770, August 23, 2013
Farmers have been developing organic farming systems in the United States for decades. State and private institutions also began emerging during this period to set organic farming standards and provide third-party verification of label claims, and legislation requiring national standards was passed ...
AIB-774, August 23, 2013
Corn production uses over 25 percent of the Nation's cropland and more than 40 percent of the commercial fertilizer applied to crops. Thus, corn farmers' choices of soil, nutrient, and water management systems can have a major impact not only on their own profitability, but also on the environment. ...
AIB-778, August 23, 2013
The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (2002 Farm Act), which governs agricultural programs through 2007, was signed into law in May 2002. This report presents an initial evaluation of the new legislation's effects on agricultural commodity markets, based on sectorwide model simulations ...
AIB-781, August 23, 2013
In 1914, when the Cooperative Extension Service was founded, about 30 percent of U.S. workers were in agriculture-related occupations; by the late 1990s, that share had declined to about 1 percent. The Extension System ("Extension") has changed along with its audience. The number of full-time-equiva...
AIB-785, August 23, 2013
Meat trade flows among countries and world regions are determined largely by differences among countries in their resource base, their preferences for meat types and cuts, the extent and character of barriers to trade, and the industry structure. Future growth of meat trade depends on further libera...
AIB-784, August 23, 2013
Economic change and market dynamics have fundamentally altered the structure and performance of agricultural markets in the United States, Canada, and Mexico within the last 25 years. Many factors have helped shape the current North American food and fiber system, including technological change, dom...
AIB-782, August 23, 2013
This report documents the problem of water scarcity in parts of northern China and describes China's agricultural water management policies as well as reforms underway to encourage water conservation.
CWS-13H, August 23, 2013
The latest USDA projections for U.S. and world cotton supply and demand.
FDS-13H, August 23, 2013
Market analysis of domestic and international feed grain markets.
WHS-13H, August 23, 2013
The outlook for both the U.S. and global wheat markets are analyzed based on the latest projections contained in the World Agricultural Supply and Uses Estimates report.
OCS-13H, August 23, 2013