Stay Connected

Follow ERS on Twitter
Subscribe to RSS feeds
Subscribe to ERS e-Newsletters.aspx
Listen to ERS podcasts
Read ERS blogs at USDA

Overview

The ERS Food Availability (Per Capita) Data System (FADS) includes three distinct but related data series on food and nutrient availability for consumption. The data serve as proxies for actual consumption at the national level. Food availability data provide estimates through 2014 and serve as the foundation for the other two series. Loss-adjusted food availability data are also provided through 2014 for most products. This second series is considered preliminary because the underlying food loss assumptions and estimates require further improvement. Nutrient availability data are provided through 2010. Documentation is available for each of the three data series.

The 2014 data include estimates for over 200 commodities, including individual fruits, vegetables, grains, added sugars & sweeteners, dairy products, nuts, meat, poultry, and seafood. However, in 2011, the Census Bureau discontinued the Current Industrial Reports (CIR), which provided data for added fats & oils (except butter), durum flour, and candy & other confectionery products. As a result, the most recent year that data are available for these commodities is 2010.

Because of this data limitation, certain summary estimates—such as per capita daily amounts of calories, food pattern equivalents (or servings), and food loss at the retail and consumer levels in the United States—cannot be calculated beyond 2010. However, the lack of data on durum flour is not critical to the calculation of summary estimates because data are available for wheat flour, which includes durum flour. The lack of data on candy & other confectionary products also is not critical to the calculation of summary estimates because data are available for individual sugar and sweetener commodities (for example, cane and beet sugar and high-fructose corn syrup) within the candy & other confectionary products group.

Subsequent to the discontinuation of the CIR, USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) developed the Current Agricultural Industrial Reports (CAIR) data series to collect data on specific manufactured products in key agricultural industries. As of October 1, 2015, the four sectors in the CAIR program are being published through four reports:

  • Grain crushings and co-products production—the monthly data series begins in October 2014, and data were first released in February 2015;
  • Cotton system consumption and stocks—the monthly data series begins in January 2015, and data were first released in May 2015;
  • Flour milling products—the quarterly data series begins in the third quarter (July-September) of 2014, and data were first released in May 2015;
  • Fats and oils: oilseed crushings, production, consumption and stocks—the monthly data series begins in May 2015, and data were first released in October 2015.

Relevant to FADS are the estimates of production and storage of products in the flour milling and fats & oils sectors. ERS anticipates incorporating these estimates into FADS in 2017.

Data Set   
DownloadsLast UpdatedNext Update
Food AvailabilityBack to top
BeveragesDownload as Excel8/3/2016
Coffee, tea, cocoa, and spicesDownload as Excel8/3/2016
Dairy (fluid and cream)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Dairy productsDownload as Excel8/3/2016
EggsDownload as Excel8/3/2016
Fats and oils (added) Download as Excel8/3/2016
Fish and shellfishDownload as Excel8/3/2016
Fruit (all uses)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Fruit (canned) Download as Excel8/3/2016
Fruit (dried)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Fruit (fresh)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Fruit (frozen)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Fruit juicesDownload as Excel8/3/2016
Fruit (melons)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Fruit and vegetablesDownload as Excel8/3/2016
GrainsDownload as Excel8/3/2016
Peanuts and tree nutsDownload as Excel8/3/2016
PopulationDownload as Excel8/3/2016
Poultry (chicken and turkey)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Red meat (beef, veal, pork, lamb, and mutton)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Red meat, poultry, and fishDownload as Excel8/3/2016
Sugar and sweeteners (added)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Vegetables (all uses)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Vegetables (canned)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Vegetables (fresh)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Vegetables (frozen)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Vegetables (legumes)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Vegetables (mushrooms)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Vegetables (potatoes)Download as Excel8/3/2016
Loss-Adjusted Food AvailabilityBack to top
CaloriesDownload as Excel8/24/2016
Dairy (fluid milk, cream, and other products)Download as Excel8/24/2016
Fats and oils (added)Download as Excel8/24/2016
Food pattern equivalentsDownload as Excel8/24/2016
FruitDownload as Excel8/24/2016
GrainsDownload as Excel8/24/2016
Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and nutsDownload as Excel8/24/2016
Sugar and sweeteners (added)Download as Excel8/24/2016
VegetablesDownload as Excel8/24/2016
Nutrient AvailabilityBack to top
Nutrients (food energy, nutrients, and dietary components)Download as Excel2/1/2015

Last updated: Wednesday, August 24, 2016

For more information contact: Jeanine Bentley and Linda Kantor